Analysis, Concepts, Featured, Political Concepts, Side Feature, South Asia

Q&A: What is Behind India’s Revoking of Kashmir’s Special Status?

[U.S. President Donald Trump told Pakistan’s prime minister, Imran Khan, in a call on Friday that it was important that India and Pakistan reduce tensions in Kashmir and Jammu through “bilateral dialogue,” the White House said in a statement. (Reuters on 17/8/2019)] End. Trump says this while Modi boasts of officially annexing Kashmir and that it is no longer disputed between India and Pakistan. (Modi, India’s prime minister said in his speech on India’s Independence Day on 15/8/2019 that his government was able to accomplish what all previous Indian governments had failed.’) (Al-Sharq Al-Awsat on 16/8/2019)!

The question is: What is the use of a dialogue when India has officially annexed Kashmir? Why didn’t Pakistan take the right action to liberate Kashmir by jihad, especially since it is capable of doing so with its army? Also does America have a role in this? May Allah reward you with the Good.

To clarify the answer we review the following:

1- Of all the regions of the world, Eurasia is the most important for the US foreign policy planners, and America is trying to ensure that no competitor emerges in that region. There are four potential rivals: Russia, China, Germany and the Khilafah, but America sees that the actual competitor now is China. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, US strategists have viewed China as the greatest threat to US interests. In practice, US strategists have used Asia-Pacific countries to sabotage China’s rise as a naval power,

They employed the Indian Subcontinent to counter the rise of China as the dominant power in Eurasia … and while America was strengthening its capabilities in the Asia-Pacific region through a large number of alliances with Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, the Philippines, Japan, Indonesia and Australia, no major alliance occurred in the Indian subcontinent-especially India- until the Vajpayee came to head the government in the late 1990s; the exploitation of India culminated after President Clinton’s visit in 2000, and shortly after the events of September 11, 2001, the Bush administration focused on India. A large proportion of US actions were directed at bridging the military gap between India and China, according to US programs … from these measures is America’s nuclear agreement with India.

2- America saw that tensions over Kashmir between India and Pakistan affect the weakening of the confrontation of the Indian Subcontinent against China … To overcome these tensions, the United States began the process of normalization between India and Pakistan, and the goal of normalization was to neutralize the Indian and Pakistani forces from fighting each other because of Kashmir, and to direct efforts toward cooperation with the United States eventually to restrict the rise of China. America believed that the annexation of Kashmir to India and America’s pressure on the regime in Pakistan to prevent it from acting militarily and shifting the subject to dialogue will kill the issue and prevent military conflict between them, just as Abbas’s authority in Palestine and the Arab countries around them not taking military action against the Jewish entity that is occupying and claiming what it wants of Palestine! Thus, Modi began with the plan to annex Jammu and Kashmir and change the population’s demography there, and then followed the decision taken by Modi on 5/8/2019 to repeal Article 370 of their Constitution on Kashmir. This article gave the region a great deal of autonomy.

It allows Kashmir to have its own constitution, a separate flag and independence in many matters except foreign affairs, defense and communications. The repeal resolution was issued under the name of the “Reorganization” bill, which divides occupied Kashmir into two regions: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh and it connects the two regions to the federal government in New Delhi. The upper house of the Indian Parliament, Council of States passed on the following day 6/8/2019 the draft project with 125 votes in favour and 61 against. Article 35A, which prohibits non-Kashmiris from buying property and land in Kashmir, was repealed, allowing other Indians in the other states to come to Kashmir and buy real estate and land in it and apply for government jobs in it, causing demographic and cultural change in the Muslim-majority region … i.e. similar to the actions of the Jewish entity of the annexation in Palestine! Just as what Netanyahu is doing, with America’s approval and with a green light from it, so is Modi, he is acting with America’s approval and with a green light from it … that is, Modi has replicated Netanyahu’s approach to Palestine with America’s approval and support.

3- When India announced its recent decision to revoke the Kashmir special status, Pakistan’s position was also disappointing, it did not go beyond condemnation, to remove the blame. The Pakistani Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying: Pakistan strongly condemns and rejects the announcements made today (Monday 5/8/2019) by New Delhi. No unilateral step by the Government of India can change this disputed status, as enshrined in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions, Pakistan will exercise all possible options to counter the illegal steps. (AFP 5/8/2019). The Pakistani ambassador to Moscow, Qazi Khalilullah said: “Pakistani authorities are currently focused on the preparation of diplomatic, political and legal reactions to the recent Indian actions in Kashmir, a special committee has been formed which will present to the government recommendations in this regard.”

In other words, exactly as the [Palestinian] Authority of Abbas and the Arab countries around them do, they denounce and protest against the violations of the Jewish entity of the Blessed Land of Palestine without moving the armies to fight. Pakistan repeats the same role and denounces without moving the army to fight! On top of that, they resort to the United Nations and America to resolve their issues, although they are the enemy!

4- This is supported by the release of Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan on 11/8/2019 of tweets on Twitter describing India’s move as one that leads to “repressing Muslims in India and later targeting Pakistan, and an attempt to change the population situation in Kashmir through ethnic cleansing” and he requests the so-called International community’s intervention and that this international community has the power to deter India! Pakistan has forgotten that it has a force to deter India … This is recognised, India announced on 26/2/2019 an air strike on camps of Kashmiri groups and “killed a large number in these camps.” This happened after it was announced that the Kashmiri groups carried out an operation against the Indian army occupying Kashmir, killing 41 Indian soldiers on 14/2/2019. The day after that Indian attack, Pakistan announced that it had shot down two Indian planes, captured a pilot and killed two.

This shows the military’s ability to deter and defeat India, but the Pakistani regime is not serious about taking any steps to deter India, but instead it complies with the orders of America, which asked for descalating the incident of downing the two planes. It was reported in the news that: (“US Secretary of State Pompeo spoke by telephone with his Indian and Pakistani counterparts after the Indian raid on the Jaish-e-Mohammad camp, he issued a statement urging the parties to calm down and avoid any move that could escalate and increase the danger sharply”, he even stood by India, when he added,” Indian air strikes were acts of counter-terrorism, and he urged Pakistan to take serious action against terrorist groups operating on its territory.”) (AFP, Reuters 28/2/2019). This statement shows the exnt of America’s bias towards India and its support for what it is doing, as it does in Palestine, where it always favours a Jewish entity and supports it in all its actions against Muslims who defend their country and work to liberate it …

Nevertheless, Pakistan, like Abbas’s Authority, and the Arab regimes have always been turning to America and waiting for them to intervene to solve their problem, knowing that America is siding with India. Pakistan’s Ambassador to Washington Majid Khan said on 27/2/2019 that (“the statement of the Secretary of State of America” was interpreted and understood as support for the Indian position and this has encouraged them (Indians) more) and he said: “Maybe no other country is in a better position than the United States to play some role.”) (AFP 28/2/2019). That is, although he admits that the statement of the US State Department is in support of the Indian position, but he believes that America is eligible to play the role! This is the American habit to distract them with the Security Council and the United Nations. This is what the Pakistani regime has done, it announced that it does not want tension and escalation with India, and that it will submit a formal protest to the United Nations against New Delhi, no more and no less. The regime even announced that it would hand over the killer Indian pilot to India and did actually hand him over as a gesture of peace as it claimed. Later when Kashmir was annexed, Pakistan called for (an emergency session of the UN Security Council on the situation in Kashmir behind closed doors after India’s decision to revoke the autonomy of the region …Pakistani Ambassador to the United Nations Maliha Lodhi welcomed the decision of the Security Council to discuss the issue of Kashmir during a special session, saying that the issue of Kashmir began to be raised globally and that it is ready to resolve it with India through dialogue.) (Al-Arabi Al-Jadeed on 16/8/2019)!

5- This position indicates that the Pakistani regime will not take military steps to deter India and will not take any serious action against it, which consolidates India’s decision to abolish the special status of Kashmir and entrench the occupation. On his visit to the United States on 21/7/2019, Imran Khan, accompanied by Pakistani Army Chief Javed Bajwa and Director General of the Intelligence and Homeland Security Service Fayez Hamid, during his meeting with Trump, he asked him to play a role for America in Afghanistan by saying, that he hopes that Pakistan will help mediating a political settlement to end the 18-year war in Afghanistan, Imran Khan immediately obeyed Trump’s orders and said: (“”I will meet the Taliban and I will try my best to get them to talk to the Afghan government” He then boasted of betraying the Pakistani regime and providing services to America. He said: “The Pakistan intelligence provided information that allowed the Americans to locate Osama bin Laden,”) (Reuters 22/07/2019).

He offers all this to the Americans while they support India at the expense of Pakistan! When India announced the abolition of the Kashmir situation, the US State Department issued a statement saying: “We continue to support direct dialogue between India and Pakistan on Kashmir and other issues of concern.” (Reuters 7/8/2019). America did not condemn the Indian move and said that it violates the international resolutions on Kashmir, but mentioned the dialogue ridiculing Imran and his regime, which dialogue are they talking about when India announced the formal annexation of Kashmir?! This indicates America’s approval of this step, but also indicates America’s knowledge in advance, of the move because India can not take such a step before consulting America and taking the green light from them ..

6- In our book, “Political Issues – Occupied Muslim Countries,” published on 2/5/2004, on the Kashmir issue, the following was stated: (Thus the United States, with India and Pakistan under its influence, is seeking an understanding between them on Kashmir. It has changed its basic veiw of the solution for the issue; where initially it wanted to internationalize the issue but now urges the parties to resolve them bilaterally, America’s view of this solution now involves the division of Kashmir, so that liberated Kashmir belongs to Pakistan, and Kashmir controlled by India will be for India). What is taking place now agrees with what is stated in our book, India took this step and created a new reality that installs the Indian occupation of Kashmir.

7- China condemned India’s move; the decision to repeal Article 370 under the name of the “Reorganization Bill” that divided the occupied Kashmir into two regions: Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, and links the administration of the two regions to the federal government in New Delhi. Especially that Ladakh, which is in Kashmir, lies on the Tibetan Plateau, which is close to China. India did not consult with China before this law was passed.

[“Recently India has continued to undermine China’s territorial sovereignty by unilaterally changing its domestic law…Such practice is unacceptable and will not come into force.” said Hua Chunying, spokeswoman of the Chinese Foreign Ministry. Ying’s remarks came in response to New Delhi’s decision last Monday to declare Ladakh a unified territory, which includes the western part of the Sino-Indian border. Chunying stressed that China has always opposed India’s inclusion of Chinese territory in the western part of the border under the name of Indian administrative state.” (Statement on 8/8/2019)].

8- From the above we summarize the following:

a- Abolition of Article 370 and the annexation procedures carried out, and still is carried out, by Modi is by a green light from America and its support, believing that the annexation will make the Muslims forget Kashmir and so India and Pakistan will be without problems between them, considering that the two systems are currently walking together in the American line … America forgot or wanted to forget together with India that Kashmir is at the heart of Muslims in Pakistan and elsewhere, like any occupied Muslim country …

b- The approval of the regime in Pakistan or its silence on the annexation of Kashmir to India does not mean the silence of Muslims in Pakistan or the silence of their armies … and the strikes of this army are known to India and the downing incident of the two planes are fresh in India’s memory … These army strikes are carried out while the Imran regime prevents the army from attacking to liberate Kashmir. It is only allowed to defend, with restrictions too! So how then if they are mobilized to fight? The enemy then will only see its destruction by them!

c- China denounced India’s move. The Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a statement saying: “India’s decision is unilateral and adversely affects China’s territorial sovereignty and violates international agreements. Beijing will not accept India’s unilateral decision to change the legal status of Kashmir and the decision is unacceptable” (Anadolu 6/8/2019). China is aware that this strengthens India’s position in the region, and makes India compete with China and become a regional power parallel to it, and this is what America aims to do to counter China’s regional power… Especially as Ladakh in Kashmir lies on the Tibetan Plateau near China, and although it has a small population of about 270,000, but the resolution of the Kashmir issue in this way and the exposure to the Ladakh region on the Sino-Indian border without consultation with China has drawn criticism from China. If China can control its steps and develop its political awareness to exploit Ladakh’s position in its favour, it may turn the table on America’s plans. Instead of Ladakh becoming a front base for the American forces operations against China, as America plans, it could be a slipping ground for those forces that they fall in and cannot come out of it!

9- Finally, our calamity is the rulers in the Muslim lands. The elements of our strength are sufficient and even more than sufficient to restore our pride and teach the enemy a lesson that will be with them until they go to their graves! But the rulers who betrayed Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saw) and the believers kneel to their masters, the kaffir colonists more than they bow to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and they prevent the armies from fighting their enemies to liberate the occupation from their land … Then these rulers beg with humiliation for some crumbs in the corridors of the United Nations and the Security Council … This is if they get the crumbs! But with all these tragedies, the occupied Muslim lands from Palestine to Kashmir to Burma, land of the Rohingya, then East Turkistan, the Caucasus, Chechnya and what surrounds it and the Crimea, and every land where the Muazzin recited his Takbeer and was conquered by the enemies of Islam, they will all return by Allah’s permission to the House of Islam and raise high the banner of Islam … they will be restored by the Junna (protecting) Imam … by the guided Caliph … they will be restored by the Mujahid army of Islam …

Whoever loves to attain the pride in this world and the highest rank in Paradise (al-Firdous) in the Hereafter, then let them roll up their sleeves and work with the workers to establish the Khilafah (Caliphate), and allow this work to run in his blood, his heart and limbs sincerely and honestly,

(إِنَّ هَذَا لَهُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ * لِمِثْلِ هَذَا فَلْيَعْمَلِ الْعَامِلُونَ)

“Indeed, this is the great attainment * For the like of this let the workers [on earth] work”
[As-Saffat: 60-61]

17 Dhul Hijjah 1440 AH – 18/8/2019 CE