Hizb ut-Tahrir Wilayah Pakistan has issued a Publicized Policy Position (PPP) regarding the scourge of sectarianism and how the Khilafah will engender respect for difference of opinion and end factionalism
A. Preamble: Democracy causes division, factions and conflict, including sectarianism
Democracy is a system of governance which allocates state's resources and attention according to the political power of different groups in the society. Those groups enjoying more political power and having more political weight, influence the legislative agenda of the state, and get more resources and more concessions from the state. Thus a democratic state only guarantees the rights of those citizens who can generate enough political pressure on the state that the state cedes to their demands. Therefore the idea of representative governance in democracy generates a feeling of insecurity amongst different groups in the society as they struggle to draw the state's attention to their demands. At the local level political leaders find it expedient and sometimes necessary that they fan divisions and highlight the unique identity of the faction and the group which they represent as they feel that maintaining their unique identity will guarantee them political weight and hence the state's attention. Thus democratic governance encourages divisions, factions and groupings in the society where each faction competes with the other for the attention of the state. This phenomenon is seen wherever there is democracy, with all manner of groups fighting for their rights. Democratic politics has encouraged the formation of many factions in Pakistan based on ethnicity, race, nationality and religious difference of opinion. The devastating ethnic clashes between the Mohajirs, Pathans and Sindhis in Karachi, between the Baluchs and the Pakistani state in Baluchistan and the formation of sectarian parties in Pakistan is a direct result of democratic politics which encourages factionalism. This in turn creates a volatile situation which can be ignited at any time by foreign powers.