Assalamu alaikum, the following sentence was mentioned in the book Usul al-Fiqh: "It should not be said here that Allah has obliged the Zakat, provision [Nafaqah], and liabilities [Damanaat] upon the child and the insane and so therefore they are legally responsible [Mukallaf] because they have been made responsible for some of the legal rulings. This is not correct because these obligations are not connected to the act of the child or the insane rather they are connected to their wealth and liability [Dhimmah]. Their wealth and liability are the subject of responsibility, not the child or insane themselves. This is clear by the fact that the lifting of the pen is specified by a clear limit, "until he becomes mature", and "until he becomes sane", and this benefits the derivation of an effective cause [I'llah], which is the physical immaturity, and the insanity, and these have no relevance to money and debt, hence they are not an exception to the rule".
Question: What does "Their wealth and liability are the subject of responsibility" mean?
From Hamzeh Shihadeh