The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
الْمُسْلِمُونَ شُرَكَاءُ فِى ثَلاَثٍ الْمَاءِ وَالْكَلإِ وَالنَّارِ
"The Muslims are partners in three, water, pastures and fire." (Ahmed, ibn Maja)
ثلاث لايمنعن الماء و الكلأ و النار
"Three are not prevented - water, pastures and fire." (ibn Maja)
1. It can be derived from these narrations that whatever the community is in need of must be provided and cannot be withheld privately to the disadvantage of the people. So the state is responsible to provide the people with access to water and energy as required to fulfill their needs, and all public utilities as necessitated by the time and place.
2. It is therefore not permissible to adopt the model of liberal privatization whereby even the essential public utilities are sold to private companies and are therefore not available except to those who pay for them, leading to a society where only those with material wealth can access vital services.
Clampdown aims to end free-for-all culture and debt problem in energy sector that forces companies to shut off power
Jon Boone in Islamabad
The miseries of summer have come early for Pakistanis living in towns where people have grown used to getting their electricity for free. As the government gets tough on electricity thieves, scores of towns in the impoverished provinces have been hit by power cuts weeks before soaring temperatures traditionally push demand far beyond supply.