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Q&A: Recent Developments in Somalia

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Question: Sheikh Shareef Ahmad has become the president of Somalia, so does this indicate the resurgence of the Shar'iah courts as they were two years ago. If it is so, why is the al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement opposed to them though they a part of the courts or at least very cloase to them? Has in the meantime Sheikh Shareef changed and the al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement is trying to sideline him, does this mean that the al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement is a sincere and dedicated force?

Answer: Yes, Sheikh Shareef Ahmad is not what he used to be. He was the head of the Islamic courts in the past, and has now come to head the country. He was earlier fighting the greedy foreign kafir colonialists and was talking about implementing the Islamic Shariah, but his politicalacumen and awareness was very weak, just like most of the Islamic militant movements have. Therefore the sincere ones or al-Mukhlisoon sent him a delegation advising him against negotiating with the government of Abdullah Yousuf who was an American agent. He was also advised not to negotiate wih the US, either directly or even through American agents or under the auspises of the United Nations or even the African Union...all of these are loyal to America, rather they are all America's hands which it manipulates at will. The delegation also advised him remain opposed to the kuffar colonialists...it is another matter that he did not heed the advice and negotiated with th government of Abdullah Yousuf in Khartoum under the aegis of the UN, Arab League and the African Union.

Anyway, now he is in power, after the destruction of Ethiopia and expulsion of Shareef from Somalia to Kenya and later to Djibouti, he became the president of the Somalian Liberation Front (Djobouti Wing) when the Islamin courts were split and remained so in Asmara and Djobouti, despite both of these countries being loyal to the West...! During this period the Sheikh indulged in direct and indirect negotiations until he came to the position of becoming the head of the Somalian government which is not very different to that of Abdullah Yousuf-thanks to the blessings of America, the West and their agents...the events have now come to be as follows:

1. At the end of 2006 when the Islamic courts were defeated at the hands of the Ethipian forces which were in turn backed by America to subdue Somalia on its behalf, Shareef went into exile to Kenya where he met the US Ambassador in the presence of US intelligence officials.

2. After the split of the Islamic courts into two factions, Sheikh Shareef led the Djibouti faction and began to negotiate with Abdullah Yousuf's government and with Ethiopia until he signed the Djibouti agreement on 26th October, 2008 C.E.

3. The agreement was reached under American patronage and after acceptance by Ethiopia, this was because the Ethiopian forces had incurred huge losses and wanted to withdraw, but at the same time they wanted to save their face; i.e. through an agreement to that effect.this is why after the treaty was signed, Ethiopia began issuing statements about withdrawal of its troops.

The French news agency (AFP) reported on 28th November, 2008 that Ethiopia will pu;; out its troops from Somalia by the end of the year and this was confirmed through two official letters addressed to the African Union and the United Nations. AFP reported Waheedi Bella, the Ethiopian foreign ministry spokesman saying: "We have come to the conclusion that it is inappropriate for Ethiopia to keep its forces in Somalia. We have accomplished our task and are proud of this achievement, but the hopes that we pinned on the international community have been frustrated". Bvut the same spokesman before the treaty had remarked to AFP on 24th November, 2008 and said: "It (the treaty) follows the Ethiopian direction of troops withdrawal in aphased manner."

Indeed Somalia is important for Ethiopia, not only in the context of fighting America's proxy war, but because it is Ethiopia's neighbour and occupied its Oghadin region during wars in 1977 and 1978 which somalia wants to regain, but has failed to do so. Therefore Ethiopia wants a regime in Somalia which will not be hostile to it and which will not demand the Ogaden terrritory. Moreover Ethiopia serves US interests in the horn of Africa and it was America that sent the Ethiopian troops into Somalia and the same US asked it to withdraw from thereafter the Djobiuti accord on 26th October, 2008 when it atlast found what it was looking for, in the person of Sheikh Shareef.

4. America has seen that Sheikh Shareef is better equipped to confront the Mujahideen because of his Islamic past. The Americans also understand that Ethiopia being an African country cannot remain in the midst of the Islamists for long, thus it was more suitable for the US to employ one of the Islamists to play this role. Hence America worked on Sheikh Shareef and its agents and Sudan and Kenya, especially of Sudan were able to overwhelm him, Hasan Makki, a political expert observes: "The Sudanese government expalined to Sheikh Shareef that it was not possible for him to overcome the Ethiopians, nor it was possible for him to work with the international community, as if he did not exist for them. Therefore Sheikh Shareef began to heed such advices, after all, he was educated in the Sudanese educational institutions." He adds: "The Sudanese mediation played a major part in these (Djibouti treaty) deliberations."

Thus America had won over Shareef to the extent that he began to sing in America's praise. In an interview with Voice of America's Somalian branch on 20th February, 2009, he described American policies in Somalian as being positive right since the start of the negotiations until the present time, and added: "We hope these efforts fructify."!!

5. Sheikh Shareef became Somalia's president winning a majority votes of the same parliament which was elected in Abdullah Yousuf's term! Now the next step was the appointment of a prime minister, where again America played a major role. Omar ‘Abd alRasheed Sharmarki, a US- resident, and a moderate according to US standards. He had held various positions at the UN and was also the Somalian ambassador to Washigton during Abdullah Yousuf's period. He is the son of a former Somalian president Abdirashid Ali Shermarke.

6. America was keen that Omar ‘Abd alRasheed Sharmarki should be the primeminister due to the fact he had earlier lived in the US, he was not involved in the civilwar because he was away from it and far away in the US and this placed in a position of better acceptability to the comon man in Somalia.

It may be pertinent to mention that such is the usual norm of the colonialist powers; whenever they would find a man who has the potential to effectively serve their interests and agenda, they would replace their existing agent with their niw-find who could serve them better. Thus America abandoned Abdullah Yousuf who had now been worn-out and exposed as a traitor to Somalia, so the US forced him to resign on 29th December, 2008 C.E and had him expelled from Mogadishu to Muscat (Oman). He had earlier ruled Ponteland region of Somalia from 1998 until 2004 when he was declared president. He later took refuge in Yemen.

7. America believes that it has consolidated its hold over Somalia by bringing Sheikh Shareef, who has an Islamist past in the Shariah courts which enjoyed populr support during its rule, as the president; and by having Omar ‘Abd alRasheed Sharmarki, who was not involved in the civil war which makes him more acceptable to the masses, as the prime minister. However, its hopes have faltered, it has now become clear that this regime is not very different to the earlier ones except in outward appearance.

Speaking with all optimism about the present regime, the real difference between the former regime and the present one is that while Abdullah Yousuf knowingly served American interests and he did so on purpose, the present one led by Sheikh Shareef is unwittingly doing so while beliveing that he is doing good for Somalia! We had hoped that Sheikh Shareef would remain alert about the intrigues and consipracies of the kuffar colonialists just as he had been earlier. We still hope that Allah willing, he will return to his earlier self.

8. In light of what this governement stands exposed of. The Muslims especially the al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement have continued to resist it even more intensely.
The al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement has split from both (Asmara & Djibouti factions of) the Islamic courts after the Asmara accord in September 2007 C.E and accused them both hobnobbing with the secularists and abandoning Jihad in the path of Allah سبحانه وتعالى

The al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement has decalred its intention of waging jihad against Ethiopia and the United States to recover the entire lost territories in the Horn of Africa. It also intends to establish the rule of Islam which overides petty nationalism etc. The US State Department has issued a statement decalring the al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement to be a separatist, extremist and violent outfit with many of its members to the al-Qaeda organisation. [Chines NewsPage: 18.03.08].

The US had arrested its former leader Ismail ‘Arali in mid 2007 in Djibouti and sent him to the Guantanamo Bay prison. It had also chosen the movement of Mukhtar Abd al Rahman "Abu Zubair" and Mukhtar Rabbou "Abu Mansour" as its official spokesman. [al-Arabia: 22.12.2007]. this official spokesman responded to the US State Department saying: "Our relationship with al-Qaeda is the relationship that one Muslim has with another, the essence of which is loyalty, to keep away from kuffar and reach all Muslims and love them." He said that "the movement is pleased and happy that it been placed by the US in the list of terror." A statement issued by the movement on 5th April, 2008 said: "We are fully aware that we are not targeted for being Somalians, but because we carry the concept of jihad as it is generally understood which does not recognise either imanginary boundaries or what is known as the ‘Global Order".

The al-Shabab Mujahideen Movement has been successful in controlling many of Somalia's cities and towns and is in effective control of more territory than the government. What is apparently clear about this movement is that it sencerely and truthfully fights the kuffar colonialists... but there is weak point as we mentioned earlier, and which is true of most Islamic militant organisations, which is the lack of political awareness. We pray to Allah سبحانه وتعالى that this movement persists in its strong stance against the kuffar colonialists.

However, this movement is politically more aware than the Hizb Islami which is also opposed to the regime of Sheikh Shareef and is composed of 4 separate movements of which the Somalian Liberation Movement (Asmara faction) led by Hassan Tahir Aweys is more prominent, while the other three are: Kamponi Militia, Islamic Front and the Farouq Militia. The Webpage of the al-Shabab movement, "Gorenje" (A webpage considered close to the al-Shabab movement), asked Hassan Tahir Aweys on 24th January, 2009 as to why is still lived in the Eritrean capital Asmara, Hassan Aweys replied that they (Eritreans) are like what al-Najashi was to the early Muslims!! This is him!!

We pray to Allah سبحانه وتعالى for all Islamic movements to be sincere and dedicated to Allah's Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and that they become fully aware for the conspiracies and schemings of the kuffar who try to deceive Islam and conceal their evil designs more than they reveal,

قَدْ بَدَتِ الْبَغْضَاء مِنْ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَمَا تُخْفِي صُدُورُهُمْ أَكْبَرُ

"They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse." [TMQ al-Imraan: 118]

Those who seek their support or provide support to them, they shall indeed be clear losers and this fact is amply proved.

6th Rabee al Thani. 1430 A.H
1st April.2009 C.E

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Zeital said:

Hopefully we shall see some more analysis regarding developments in this region. The main theatre of conflicts and global struggle continues to spread even into Africa. Until recently, Somalia had been off the radar (or rather low key) since that 'discreet' invasion by Ethiopia. The news focused more on the onslaught in Lebanon, events in Darfur, and of course Georgia, Iraq, and Afghanistan, with the odd coup in Thailand. Not to mention natural disasters grabbing the headlines.

The conflict in Somalia between insurgents and the occupation armies is still going on, although this news is less reported. What is to be more certain of are competing interests and motives for regional states and power blocs within the region. Clearly the naval campaign, (control over sea lanes) is becoming a priority just as the control of overland routes of Central Asia and pipelines or natural gas/oil reserves.

These events clearly focusing on Somalia (or rather the coast off East Africa) are part of the wider developments of isolating Sudan, and the U.S-N.A.T.O sponsored Ethiopian invasion of Somalia. There is armed conflict in Chad, Uganda, which borders Sudan. The French have military interests in Chad, Ivory Coast, and support Anglo-American attempts to circumvent Chinese interests in securing energy supplies. Whilst Sudanese militia commit severe crimes, the U.S - N.A.T.O axis supports secessionist militias in Sudan. Yemen and southern Arabia are in close proximity, hence making the region even more strategic in this geo-political bout. However, controls the sea lanes of the Indian Ocean enjoy a monopoly over energy routes and denying energy security to rivals, such as controlling overland routes of Central Asia (which the U.S - N.A.T.O axis is trying to penetrate albeit less successfully). To compensate the U.S - N.A.T.O axis uses its dominance over the sea lanes to pursue an advantage over the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (a front by which Russo-Chinese cooperation attempts to counter U.S – N.A.T.O designs).

There is an intricate struggle being played out (for strategic points, resources, and pivotal areas) between the Anglo-American lead N.A.T.O axis, (which France has rejoined) and the Eurasian Bloc (buttressed by Russia and China).

The main theatres of conflict and struggle are,

Far East (Burma, North Korea, Taiwan)
Near East (Iran/Persia, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq/Mesopotamia)
Central Asia, (Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Caucasus, (Georgia, Chechnya)
Balkans (Kosova, Serbia)
Eastern Europe (Ukraine, Moldova)
East Africa/Southern Arabia (Sudan, Somalia, Yemen)
Central Africa (Congo, Zimbabwe)

We can expect the proxy allies in all these regions to be engaging in conflicts and insurgencies to develop into wars of attrition. Clearly the main struggle centres on Russo-Chinese attempt to contain N.A.T.O expansionism.
 
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April 21, 2009
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Abdul-Kareem said:

RE: Alma

I dont have this information about Somalia specifically. But you can go to the Activism section of site which carries a selection of activities performed by Hizb ut-Tahrir worldwide.

Regarding the pirates there was a previous analysis on this you may find interesting:

http://www.khilafah.com/index....lf-of-aden
 
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April 21, 2009
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alma said:

Abdul-Kareem It would be good that you show us more evidences of this work you are talking about in Somalia. It would be good if HT could middle between these groups, bring them together, talk to them. Has HT organised any conferences there? summits? anything? or how this naseeha has been taking place?

Is it possible that the pirates thing is just a mere american trick to justify further intervention in the country??
 
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April 21, 2009
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Abdul-Kareem said:

RE: Swadiq

Hizb ut-Tahrir is working globally in Africa, Middle East and Asia to re-establish the Islamic Khilafah that will resolve the problems not just in Somalia but throughout the entire Muslim world.

We give naseeha (advice) to all the Muslim groups when we interact with them, and we also harshly account those in power for their policies. This is the message members of Hizb ut-Tahrir will carry in whichever part of the world they are working including East Africa.
 
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April 20, 2009
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Swadiq said:

You have explained all these factions and there weaknesses, could you as well explain where is Hizb Tahrir in this struggle in Somalia?
 
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April 19, 2009
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